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What Is Written Here Is Not Investment Advice. It has been published on this page to explain the terminology used with explanations about the stock market, digital currencies, economy, finance and investment instruments.

What is the Money Supply and Why is it Important?

What is the money supply and why is it important? To understand the answer to this question, it is necessary to first define the concept of money. Money is a medium of exchange used in the buying and selling of goods and services. Money facilitates transactions in the economy and serves as a store of value. Money supply refers to the amount of money in circulation in the economy. Money supply is controlled by the central bank and affects macroeconomic variables such as economic growth, inflation, and interest rates. Increasing the money supply increases aggregate demand in the economy and raises the price level. This leads to the phenomenon called inflation. Inflation means a decrease in the purchasing power of money. A decrease in the money supply reduces the total demand in the economy and lowers the price level. This leads to the phenomenon called deflation. Deflation means an increase in the purchasing power of money. Stable management of the money supply is important for economic stability and prosperity. The central bank can use a variety of tools to increase or decrease the money supply. The most important of these is the interest rate. The interest rate determines the cost of money. When the interest rate rises, the money supply decreases, cooling the economy. When the interest rate falls, the money supply increases, warming the economy. When determining the interest rate, the central bank considers the inflation target and tries to ensure price stability.


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